Multiple sclerosis is a nervous disorder. In this disease, nerves of the brain and spinal cord get affected. There are lot of symptoms produced such as muscular problems, balance and vision problems. Each nerve of brain and spinal cord is surrounded by a protein layer called as myelin sheath. It protects the nerve and also helps in transmitting signals from the brain to the other parts of the body. In multiple sclerosis, myelin sheath gets damaged and this interferes with the transfer of signals from the brain to the different parts of the body that produces a wide range of symptoms.
Causes of multiple sclerosis
MS is known to be an autoimmune disorder. This is produced when there is disturbance in the immune system of a person. Immunity provide defense against infection. When immune system starts attacking the healthy organs of the body, it results in auto immune disorder. In multiple sclerosis, immune system starts attacking the myelin sheath of the nerves. The multiple areas of brain and spinal cord get damaged and hardened that disrupts the transmission of nerve signals to the other parts of the body. It is not clear that what the exact cause of multiple sclerosis is. But many experts believe that genetic factors and environmental issues also play an important role in producing multiple sclerosis.
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Signs of multiple sclerosis
Signs of multiple sclerosis are produced due to nerve damage. The main symptoms that may occur in people suffering from multiple sclerosis include loss of vision. It may occur in only one eye, there is stiffness of muscles that can lead to uncontrolled muscle movements. People suffering from multiple sclerosis may also have difficulty in maintaining body balance. There is also difficulty in maintaining muscle co-ordination. Fatigue and weakness is also a common symptom of people suffering from multiple sclerosis. There is weakness and tiredness of the whole body due to stiffness of the muscles.
How to cure multiple sclerosis?
In conventional system of medicine there is no cure for multiple sclerosis. There are relapses of multiple sclerosis symptoms that can be prevented by taking some measures. Some important tips are given here that may help to reduce the remission of multiple sclerosis symptoms:
- Yoga and exercise helps to strengthen the muscles of the body. Yoga and exercise also helps in getting rid of weakness of muscles.
- One should eat healthy diet to supply proper nutrition to the nerves of brain and spinal cord. Magnesium rich foods help in getting rid of nerve problems. Therefore, one should eat foods rich in magnesium and other minerals.
- Alcohol and smoking should be completely avoided. It reduces the ability of nerves to perform well. People who drink a lot of alcohol or do smoking are more likely to have a weak immune system that can produce symptoms of multiple sclerosis.
- People who have genetic history of multiple sclerosis should take preventive measures in advance to prevent the progress of the disease.